Buford complex

Buford complex is a congenital glenoid labrum variant where the anterosuperior labrum is absent in the 1-3 o'clock position and the middle glenohumeral ligament is thickened (cord-like) and originates directly from the superior labrum at the base of the biceps tendon and crosses the subscapularis tendon to insert on the humerus. It is present in approximately 1.5% of individuals 2

History and etymology

The Buford complex was first described by Don Buford Jr (fl. 2018) an American orthopedic surgeon in 1994 4.

Differential diagnosis

A Buford complex can be mistaken for a superior labral tear.

Anatomy: Upper limb

Anatomy: Upper limb

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Article information

rID: 1024
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Buford complexes

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1
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  • Case 2
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  • Case 3: absent anterosuperior labrum and thickened MGHL
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