Buphthalmos is a descriptive term which simply means an enlarged eyeball or ocular globe due to increased intraocular pressure (glaucoma), without deformation or and intrinsic mass lesion.


It typically manifests in infants and young children.


It usually indicates the presence of congenital (infantile) glaucoma in a majority of cases.


History and etymology

It derives from the Greek word βοῦς bous (ox or cow), referring to the bulging eyes common to bovines.

See also

Article information

rID: 33076
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Buphthalmia
  • Buphthalmias
  • Buphthalmoses

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: right buphthalmos and left phthisis bulbi
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