Burkitt lymphoma (abdominal manifestations)

Dr Jeremy Jones et al.

Abdominal manifestations of Burkitt lymphoma occur in the non-pandemic variant of Burkitt lymphoma. For a general discussion of Burkitt lymphoma, and for links to other system specific manifestations, please refer to Burkitt lymphoma.

Whenever Burkitt lymphoma presents, it is predominantly an extra-nodal lymphoma mass. When this occurs in the abdomen, it may be as a soft-tissue mass, or with involvement of bowel wall.

Burkitt lymphoma has a rapid doubling time and, as such, there may be presentation with abdominal distention over a short period of time. This may be with, or without a palpable mass.

If there is GI tract involvement, there may also be bowel-related symptoms with bowel dysfunction, mucus or blood PR. This may initially be investigated as infection or inflammatory bowel disease. However, abdominal distention will occur rapidly and usually trigger additional investigation.

In the abdomen Burkitt will present as:

  • a mass (which will be a solid mass on ultrasound, CT or MRI)
  • bowel involvement (with bowel wall thickening and diffusion restriction)

Article information

rID: 79775
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

ADVERTISEMENT: Supporters see fewers/no ads

Cases and figures

  • Case 1: abdominal mass in Burkitt lymphoma
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 2: abdominal mass in Burkitt lymphoma
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 3: peritoneal Burkitt lymphoma
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 4: Burkitt lymphoma HIV
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case. 5: gastric Burkitt lymphoma
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 6: diffusion restriction in Burkitt lymphoma
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Updating… Please wait.

     Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

     Thank you for updating your details.