Calyceal microlithiasis

Calyceal microlithiasis or more specifically renal calyceal microlithiasis is defined as <3 mm hyperechoic foci noted within the renal calyces on gray scale ultrasonography 1. It has been considered as a precursor for renal stone formation. 

Clinical presentation

The patient may be asymptomatic or may present with abdominal pain, dysuria and/or haematuria.

Pathology

Association

Patients may or may not have hypercalciuria

Radiographic features

Ultrasound

Ultrasound is the first and routinely used investigation to diagnose these tiny hyperechoic foci in the renal calyces.

It should not be used synonymously to Randall's plaque which characteristically have been considered as having >50% surface covered by renal paranchyma and are not in the calyces.

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Article information

rID: 26477
System: Urogenital
Section: Pathology
Tags: refs, stub, cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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