Carrying angle

Last revised by Andrew Murphy on 11 Jan 2021

Carrying angle is a small degree of cubitus valgus, formed between the axis of a radially deviated forearm and the axis of the humerus. It helps the arms to swing without hitting the hips while walking. In full flexion these axes become aligned. 

Normally it is 14° (female) and 11° (male) away from the body 2.

A decreased carrying angle can result in the forearm pointing towards the body, known as gunstock deformity or cubitus varus.

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: normal elbow - carrying angle
    Drag here to reorder.
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