Cartilaginous joints

Last revised by Francis Deng on 25 Nov 2023

Cartilaginous joints are a type of joint where the bones are entirely joined by cartilage, either hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage. These joints generally allow more movement than fibrous joints but less movement than synovial joints

Primary cartilaginous joint 

These cartilaginous joints are composed entirely of hyaline cartilage and are known as synchondroses. Most exist between ossification centers of developing bones and are absent in the mature skeleton, but a few persist in adults. 

Secondary cartilaginous joint

These are permanent joints called symphyses and are composed of fibrocartilage. They are considered amphiarthroses, meaning that they allow only slight movement and are all found at the skeletal midline. 



ADVERTISEMENT: Supporters see fewer/no ads

Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: synchondroses eg. growth plate
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Figure 2: symphyses eg. pubic symphysis
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Figure 3: intervertebral disc
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Figure 4: classification of joints
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Updating… Please wait.

     Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

     Thank you for updating your details.