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At the time the article was created Tim Luijkx had no recorded disclosures.View Tim Luijkx's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Henry Knipe had the following disclosures:
- Integral Diagnostics, Shareholder (ongoing)
- Micro-X Ltd, Shareholder (ongoing)
These were assessed during peer review and were determined to not be relevant to the changes that were made.View Henry Knipe's current disclosures
The cervical spine (often shortened to C-spine) is the upper part of the spine extending from the skull base to the thorax at the level of the first vertebra with a rib attached to it. It normally consists of seven vertebrae. Its main function is to support the skull and maintain the relative positions of the brain and spinal cord. It also provides a pathway for the vertebral arteries and veins to carry blood to and from the brain via the transverse foramina.
For a basic description of the anatomy of a generic vertebra, see vertebrae.
- small, oval-shaped vertebral bodies
- relatively wide vertebral arch with large vertebral foramen
- small, triangular vertebral canal
- relatively long, bifid (except for C7) inferiorly pointing spinous processes
- transverse foramina protecting the vertebral arteries and veins
A more detailed description can be found in the article on typical cervical vertebrae.