Chest radiograph preinterpretation (mnemonic)

A helpful mnemonic for chest radiograph preinterpretation is:



  • P: projection, PA (Posterior-Anterior) or AP (Anterior-Posterior)? left lateral or right lateral?
  • O: orientation, determine left and right of the chest x-ray
  • P: penetration (of the x-ray), under- or over-penetration?
  • I: inspiration, poor or optimal inspiration?
  • R: rotation, with or without?
  • A: angulation, with or without?
  • M: motion, with or without?

Article information

rID: 22491
System: Chest
Section: Mnemonics
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • POPIRAM (mnemonic)
  • Chest x-ray pre-interpretation (mnemonic)

ADVERTISEMENT: Supporters see fewer/no ads

Updating… Please wait.

 Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

 Thank you for updating your details.