Clavicle

The clavicle (or informally collar bone) is the only bone connecting the pectoral girdle to the axial skeleton and is the only long bone that lies horizontally in human skeleton. 

Osteology

The clavicle is roughly "S-shaped" with a flattened, concave, lateral one-third and a thickened, convex, medial two-thirds. On the inferior surface of lateral third is the conoid tubercle for the attachment of the conoid ligament and lateral to this is the trapezoid line for attachment of the trapezoid ligament. On the inferior surface of the medial clavicle is the costal tuberosity and groove for subclavius for the attachment of sternocostal ligament and subclavius muscle respectively.

The female clavicle is shorter, thinner and less curved than the male clavicle. 

Articulations

The clavicle articulates with acromion at the acromioclavicular joint laterally and the sternum at the sternoclavicular joint medially.

Attachments
Ossification

It is the first bone to start ossification at around 5th-6th weeks of gestation but finishes around 21-25 years of age. The lateral end has intramembranous ossification. See main article: ossification centres of the pectoral girdle

Plain films

On a chest x-ray image, the clavicles are superimposed over the apex of both the lungs and obscure the subtle lesions. An apical or lordotic view may then provide greater detail of the lung apices.

Chest x-rays are correctly aligned if the medial ends of clavicles are equidistant from spinous process of vertebrae at the T4/5 level. 


Upper limb anatomy
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Article Information

rID: 25221
Section: Anatomy
Tag: anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Clavicle anatomy

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Cases and Figures

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    Bones and ligamen...
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    Inferior and supe...
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    External rotation
    Case 1: normal x-ray anatomy
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    Case 2: forked clavicle (variant)
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    Case 3: supraclavicular foramen (variant)
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    Case 4: hypertrophic conoid tubercles
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    Case 5: left rhomboid fossa
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