Common peroneal nerve

Dr Jeffrey Cheng and Dr Henry Knipe et al.

The common peroneal nerve, also known as common fibular nerve, forms the lateral part of the sciatic nerve and supplies the leg.

Summary

Gross anatomy

Origin

One of two terminal branches of the sciatic nerve, with the division, typically occurring in the lower-third of the thigh. It arises from the posterior division of the sacral plexus.

Course

Diverges away from the sciatic nerve by sloping medial and downwards to sit along the biceps femoris tendon where it passes through to the lateral aspect of the popliteal fossa. It exits the popliteal fossa over the plantaris and lateral head of gastrocnemius. Here the common peroneal nerve remains subfascial as it winds its way around the fibula neck to enter the lateral compartment of the leg where it can be felt and rolled in the living. It divides into its terminal branches - superficial and deep peroneal nerves.

Branches and supply
  • muscular twigs to the short head of biceps femoris
  • cutaneous branches: fibular communicating branch, lateral sural cutaneous branch to innervate the posterolateral leg
  • terminal branches
Lower limb anatomy
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Article information

rID: 24725
Section: Anatomy
Tags: refs, cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Common fibular nerve

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