Computed radiography (CR) is the use of photostimulable phosphor as an image receptor. The image receptor is held in a similar casing (cassette) to that of the traditional film screen. CR harnesses the absorption of radiation, trapping electrons at energy levels via the process of photostimulable luminescence.
The CR plate has a thin layer of phosphor grains, known as a photostimulable phosphor. The plate is exposed to x-ray radiation exciting the phosphor, exciting the electrons to be trapped in the lattice until inevitably they are stimulated by the second round of illumination.
Analog to digital conversion
The CR plate is exposed to a small, high-intensity laser resulting in the previously trapped electrons to return to their respective valence bands, letting off violet light.
A photomultiplier tube will interpret this light and convert it into an electric signal that, via an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) is digitised and mapped onto a pixel matrix.
Using a white light, the CR plate can be 'reset' indicating they can be used over and over again if carefully handled.
- 1. Stewart C. Bushong. Radiologic Science for Technologists. ISBN: 9780323081351
- 2. Arnulf Oppelt. Imaging Systems for Medical Diagnostics. ISBN: 9783895782268
Physics and imaging technology: x-ray
- x-ray production
- x-ray tubes
- tube rating
- interaction with matter
- beam collimators
- air gap technique
- intensifying screen
- x-ray film
- image intensifier
- digital radiography
- digital image
- x-ray artifacts
- radiation units
- radiation safety
- as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA)
- radiation protection
- background radiation
- background radiation equivalent time
- deterministic effect
- dose limits
- inverse square law
- lead apron
- radiation damage (biomolecular)
- radiation damage (skin injury)
- stochastic effect
- radiation detectors