Congenital cataract

Dr Henry Knipe et al.

Congenital cataracts are a major cause of blindness with early detection the most important factor in reducing impact on future vision. 

Incidence is ~3 per 100,000 in the United Kingdom 1. Will be higher in areas with increased rates of congenital infection 5.

Risk factors
  • low birth weight prematurity

Congenital cataracts may be unilateral or bilateral 2.

Aetiology

There are over 50 causes of congenital cataracts. Some common causes include:

Ultrasound
  • assessment of the lens is recommended on second trimester anomaly scans 3
  • lens will appear echogenic

Congenital cataracts that cause significant visual disturbance are treated early with surgery 1-2

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Article information

rID: 35800
Section: Pathology
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Infantile cataracts
  • Congenital cataract
  • Infantile cataract

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