Congestive cardiac failure

Congestive cardiac failure (CCF) is a form of cardiac failure which is primarily manifested by the heart's inability to pump the volume of blood. It can affect the left (common) or right cardiac chambers or both.

It may be precipitated by intrinsic cardiac or extrinsic factors (which include coronary artery disease, hypertension, valvular heart disease). It may also be acute (acute decompensated cardiac failure) or chronic (chronic congestive cardiac failure). Up to 40-50% of patients have diastolic heart failure with preserved left ventricular function 6

The accuracy of interpreting chest radiographs regarding congestive cardiac failure was only around 70% according to one study 2.  

With left-sided congestive cardiac failure, the features are that of pulmonary oedema which includes:

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Article information

rID: 41895
Systems: Chest, Cardiac
Tag: cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Congestive heart failure (CHF)
  • Congestive cardiac failure
  • Congestive cardiac failure (CCF)

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