Citation, DOI and article data
The cranial meninges (singular: meninx) surround the brain and are made up of three layers (from outermost to innermost):
The dura mater can also be known as the pachymeninx. The arachnoid mater and pia mater are collectively known as the leptomeninges 3. The spinal meninges are similar but have some important differences.
The meninges function to protect the brain but also provide a framework for blood vessels, nerves, lymphatics and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) 2.
There are two potential spaces:
- epidural (extradural) space: between the bone of the cranium and outer layer of the dura mater
- subdural space: between the inner layer of the dura mater and the arachnoid mater
There is one CSF-containing real space, subarachnoid space, between the arachnoid and pia mater.
There are several arteries that supply the dura with middle meningeal artery being the main contributor.
History and etymology
- 1. Bruni JE, Montemurro D. Human neuroanatomy. Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN:0195371429. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 2. Ovalle WK, Nahirney PC. Netter's Essential Histology: with Student Consult Access, 2e (Netter Basic Science). Saunders. ISBN:1455706310. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 3. Strominger NL, Demarest RJ, Laemle LB. Noback's Human Nervous System, Seventh Edition: Structure and Function (HUMAN NERVOUS SYSTEM (NOBACK)). Humana Press. ISBN:B00A9YGMYU. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 4. Harris P, Nagy S, Vardaxis N. Mosby's Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing and Health Professions - Australian & New Zealand Edition. Elsevier Health Sciences. (2014) ISBN:0729581381. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon