Cross over toe deformity is a type of deformity where one toe may deviate medially or laterally crossing another toe.
It has been reported to be more commonly seen in women over the age of 50 years 1, and in patients with hallux valgus.
It can occur if there is a unilateral/partial plantar plate tear and a deficiency in one of the collaterals. Medial deviation is considered more common and the second toe is most commonly affected.
- 1. Malhotra K, Davda K, Singh D. The pathology and management of lesser toe deformities. (2016) EFORT open reviews. 1 (11): 409-419. doi:10.1302/2058-5241.1.160017 - Pubmed
- 2. Kaz AJ, Coughlin MJ. Crossover second toe: demographics, etiology, and radiographic assessment. (2007) Foot & ankle international. 28 (12): 1223-37. doi:10.3113/FAI.2007.1223 - Pubmed