Cyanotic congenital heart disease

Last revised by Patrick J Rock on 12 May 2021

A number of entities can present as cyanotic congenital heart disease. These can be divided into those with increased (pulmonary plethora) or decreased pulmonary vascularity:

The most important cyanotic congenital heart defects can be remembered with the five Ts mnemonic.

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: TAPVR
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