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At the time the article was created Frank Gaillard had no recorded disclosures.View Frank Gaillard's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Daniel J Bell had no recorded disclosures.View Daniel J Bell's current disclosures
A cyst is an abnormal fluid-filled structure which is lined by epithelium; with one exception: lung cysts may contain gas or fluid. By contradistinction, a pseudocyst lacks an epithelial lining and instead has a vascular and fibrotic capsule.
Cysts are extremely common and found in most organs. Examples include:
Multiple cysts can also be encountered as part of underlying genetic syndromes such as:
- Von Hippel-Lindau
- autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease
- polycystic liver disease
- cystic lung disease
History and etymology
Cyst is derived from the Ancient Greek word 'κυστις' (kustis) meaning bladder. This etymology explains why some terms, e.g. cystitis, refer specifically to the urinary bladder, rather than inflammation of a cyst per se.