De Garengeot hernia

De Garengeot hernias (alternative plural: herniae) are femoral hernias that contain the appendix.

It is not to be confused with Amyand hernia, which is an appendix-containing inguinal hernia.


It is a rare phenomenon, with only 1% of all femoral hernias containing the appendix (and usually found incidentally at surgery), and only 0.08-0.13% containing an incarcerated acute appendicitis (sometimes detected on pre-operative CT) 1.

History and etymology

It is named after Rene Jacques Croissant de Garengeot (1688-1759), Parisian surgeon, first described this pathology in 1731 4,5.

Article information

rID: 29454
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • De Garengeot herniae
  • De Garengeot's herniae
  • Appendix within femoral hernia
  • Appendicitis within femoral hernia
  • de Garengeot's hernia
  • De Garengeot's hernia

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1
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  • Case 2
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  • Case 3: with appendicitis
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  • Case 4
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