Dengue is a mosquito-borne acute systemic viral infection caused by any of the four serotypes of the dengue virus.

Epidemiology

Dengue virus infections occur predominately in tropical and subtropical regions. 3 

Clinical presentation

The infection can lead to a broad spectrum of symptoms ranging from mild, nonspecific, influenza-like prodromes called dengue fever to more severe forms known as:

  • dengue hemorrhagic fever
  • dengue shock syndrome 

Pathology

Etiology

The dengue viruses (DENV) are single-stranded RNA arboviruses that are divided into four different serotypes, nominated DENV-1, -2, -3, and -4. They belong to the family Flaviviridae and the genus Flavivirus.

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    rID: 54826
    Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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