Diaphragmatic hernias are defined as congenital or acquired defect in the diaphragm.
Demographics and aetiology
There are two main types of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)s. Congenital hiatus hernias may also occur, but are uncommon and distinct.
- Bochdalek hernia: most common, located posteriorly and usually present in infancy
- Morgagni hernia: smaller, anterior and presents later, through the sternocostal angles