Differential for an anterosuperior mediastinal mass

Last revised by Dr Ian Bickle on 23 Jul 2022

An anterosuperior mediastinal mass can be caused by neoplastic and non-neoplastic pathology. As their name suggests, they are confined to the anterior mediastinum, that portion of the mediastinum anterior to the pericardium and below the level of the clavicles

The differential diagnosis for an anterior mediastinal mass includes:

Mnemonic

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: T cell lymphoma
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  • Case 2: teratoma
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  • Case 4: false aneurysm
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  • Case 5: lymphoma
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  • Case 6: bronchial carcinoma
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  • Case 7: hemorrhagic thyroid cyst
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  • Case 8: subclavian artery aneurysm
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