Distal appendicular bone metastases
Last revised by Andrew Murphy ◉ on 31 Jul 2022
Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
Dawes L, Murphy A, Lukies M, et al. Distal appendicular bone metastases. Reference article, Radiopaedia.org (Accessed on 01 Jun 2023) https://doi.org/10.53347/rID-1861
2 May 2008, Laughlin Dawes
At the time the article was created Laughlin Dawes had no recorded disclosures.View Laughlin Dawes's current disclosures
31 Jul 2022, Andrew Murphy ◉
At the time the article was last revised Andrew Murphy had no financial relationships to ineligible companies to disclose.View Andrew Murphy's current disclosures
21 times, by 10 contributors - see full revision history and disclosures
Distal appendicular bone metastases, especially distal to the knee and elbow joints, are uncommon.
Localized pain and swelling, along with pathological fractures, are the most common 3.
Malignancies that most commonly spread to appendicular skeleton include 1:
- lung: most common (~20%); usually squamous cell carcinoma 2
- 1. Miric A, Banks M, Allen D et al. Cortical Metastatic Lesions of the Appendicular Skeleton from Tumors of Known Primary Origin. J Surg Oncol. 1998;67(4):255-60. doi:10.1002/(sici)1096-9098(199804)67:4<255::aid-jso9>3.0.co;2-7 - Pubmed
- 2. Letanche G, Dumontet C, Euvrard P, Souquet P, Bernard J. [Distal Metastases of Bronchial Cancers. Bone and Soft Tissue Metastases]. Bull Cancer. 1990;77(10):1025-30. - Pubmed
- 3. Leeson M, Makley J, Carter J. Metastatic Skeletal Disease Distal to the Elbow and Knee. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1986;(206):94-9. - Pubmed