Domestically acquired particulate lung disease
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Domestically acquired particulate lung disease (DAPLD) or hut lung is a pneumoconiosis due to exposure from smoke from biomass fuel used in cooking in an enclosed space.
Typically women who present with symptoms of a pneumoconiosis without the history of occupational exposure 2,3. The estimated prevalence is up to 20% in at-risk women 3. It typically occurs in developing countries 2.
Plain radiograph and CT
Findings are non-specific 1,2:
- upper zone predominant pulmonary nodules: diffuse fine nodules through to large irregular nodule
- massive pulmonary fibrosis-like change in advanced cases
Other pneumoconioses should be considered, especially silicosis 1.
- 1. Grobbelaar JP, Bateman ED. Hut lung: a domestically acquired pneumoconiosis of mixed aetiology in rural women. Thorax. 46 (5): 334-40. Pubmed
- 2. Mukhopadhyay S, Gujral M, Abraham JL, Scalzetti EM, Iannuzzi MC. A case of hut lung: scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy analysis of a domestically acquired form of pneumoconiosis. Chest. 144 (1): 323-327. doi:10.1378/chest.12-2085 - Pubmed
- 3. Gold JA, Jagirdar J, Hay JG, Addrizzo-Harris DJ, Naidich DP, Rom WN. Hut lung. A domestically acquired particulate lung disease. Medicine. 79 (5): 310-7. Pubmed
- 4. Dulku G, Gupta N, Perera R, Lam K, Weerakkody Y. Hut Lung Disease: A Radiological and Pathological Correlation. J Med Imaging Case Rep. 2017;01(01). doi:10.17756/micr.2017-001