Domestically acquired particulate lung disease

Last revised by Andrew Murphy on 25 Apr 2020

Domestically acquired particulate lung disease (DAPLD) or hut lung is a pneumoconiosis due to exposure from smoke from biomass fuel used in cooking in an enclosed space. 

Typically women who present with symptoms of a pneumoconiosis without the history of occupational exposure 2,3. The estimated prevalence is up to 20% in at-risk women 3. It typically occurs in developing countries 2.

Findings are non-specific 1,2:

  • upper zone predominant pulmonary nodules: diffuse fine nodules through to large irregular nodule
  • massive pulmonary fibrosis-like change in advanced cases
  • hyperinflation

Other pneumoconioses should be considered, especially silicosis 1

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