Albert Salomon (1883-1976) was the first physician to study x-rays of breast tissue.
Development of mammography
Salomon worked at the Royal Surgical University Clinic in Berlin and from about 1913 x-rayed 3000 breast specimens obtained from the morgue in an attempt to identify breast pathology. He demonstrated tumour spread to axillary lymph nodes by using x-rays and was also the first person to associate microcalcifications with breast cancer.
Salomon published Beitrage zur pathologie und klinik der mammakarzinome (Contributions to the pathology and clinic of breast cancers) in 1913 1 describing that “Roentgen photographs of excised breast specimens give a demonstrable overview of the form and spread of cancerous tumours”. Salomon postulated on his findings that there were different types of breast cancer. After 1913 there was no new mammography literature published until Kleinschmidt wrote his article in 1927 2.
Salomon worked as a physician with German forces in World War One. He married his first wife Franziska Grunwald, a nursing sister and they had one child. Grunwald committed suicide in the winter of 1925. Salomon lost his appointment at the university hospital in 1933 after the Nazis came to power in Germany and Hitler was named German chancellor in January 1933. After 1933 Salomon worked at the Jewish hospital in Berlin.
Salomon was interned in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in 1938 after Kristallnacht on 9th and 10th November 1938. After his release, the family left Germany.
Salomon was the father of the artist Charlotte Salomon (1917-1943) who became a victim of the holocaust. After the family left Germany she was sent to stay with her grandparents in the south of France. Salomon and his second wife Paula (well-known opera singer Paula Lindberg) moved to Amsterdam. In May 1940 Charlotte and her grandfather were sent to the concentration camp at Gurs by the Vichy government. She died in Auschwitz aged 26. Charlotte’s work survived the war and she has posthumously become a renowned artist.
Albert and Paula Saloman lived out the war by hiding in the Netherlands. After the war Saloman resumed working as a physician in Amsterdam.
A collection of writings is entitled 'Vortage und Artikel' (lectures and articles) 1950-1967, in which Salomon writes about a wide range of subjects including religion and philosophy.
- 1. Salomon A. Betrage zur pathologie und clinic der mammkarzinome. Arch kiln Chir 1913; 101; 573-668.
- 2. Kleinschmidt O. Brustdruse. In: Zweife P, Payer E, Hirzel S, eds. Die klinik der borsartigen geschwulste. Leipsig: Von Hirzel, 1927; 5-90.
History of radiology
- key milestones
- 1895: Wilhelm Roentgen detects x-rays
- 1896: Antoine Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity
- 1896: Sydney Rowland founds the first radiology journal, Archives of Clinical Skiagraphy
- 1896: Thomas Alva Edison invents the first commercially-available fluoroscope
- 1913: Albert Salomon commences research leading to mammography
- 1927: Egas Moniz develops cerebral angiography
- 1934: Frederic and Irene Joliot-Curie artificially produce radioisotopes
- 1936: John Lawrence uses phosphorus-32 to treat leukaemia
- 1950s: David Edmund Kuhl invents Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
- 1953: Sven-Ivar Seldinger develops his famous technique
- 1957: Ian Donald invents fetal ultrasound
- 1964: Charles Dotter introduces image-guided intervention
- 1965: Benjamin Felson publishes Felson's Principles of Chest Roentgenology
- 1972: Godfrey Hounsfield introduces the CT scanner (co-developed with Allan M Cormack)
- 1977: Raymond Vahan Damadian builds the first commercial MRI scanner
- 2005: Frank Gaillard creates Radiopaedia.org :)
- 2012: inaugural International Day of Radiology
- key figures in the history of radiology
- history of modalities
- plain radiography
- nuclear medicine
- interventional radiology
- history of radiology journals
- history of radiology organisations
- Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists (RANZCR)
- United Kingdom
- British Institute of Radiology (BIR)
- Royal College of Radiologists (RCR)
- School and College of Radiographers (SCoR)
- United States
- American Roentgen Ray Society (ARRS)
- Radiological Society of North America (RSNA)
- American College of Radiology (ACR)
- European Society of Radiology (ESR)