Ductus deferens

Dr Henry Knipe et al.

The ductus deferens forms part of the male internal genitalia where it transports sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct. In modern anatomic nomenclature, it is no longer referred to as the vas deferens.

The ductus deferens is a paired 30-45 cm muscular small caliber tube that connects the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct 1

Course

The ductus deferens is the continuation of the tail of the epididymis and runs in the spermatic cord through the scrotum, inguinal canal and into the abdominal cavity, where it is extra-peritoneal. There it travels laterally through the pelvis, passing over (anterior to) the ureter and inferior to the bladder, where it unites with the duct of the seminal vesicle to form the ejaculatory duct in the prostate 1,2. In the prostate, the ejaculatory duct empties into the prostatic urethra.

Blood supply
Lymphatics
  • drains to the external and internal iliac nodes
  • artery of the ductus deferens from the inferior vesicle artery or directly from the internal iliac artery
  • agenesis of the ductus deferens is rare and is commonly associated with other urogenital abnormalities such as seminal vesicle agenesis (bilateral or unilateral) and renal agenesis 2
Plain radiograph
  • it is not usually seen unless it is calcified; this occurs particularly in diabetics
Ultrasound
  • tubular structure medial to the seminal vesicle 2
CT
  • tubular structures running posteriorly along the pelvic side wall 2
MRI
  • T1 and T2: low signal tubular structure running from the deep inguinal ring to the ejaculatory duct 2

Abdominal and pelvic anatomy
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Article Information

rID: 22996
System: Urogenital
Section: Anatomy
Tags: pelvis, refs, cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Vas deferens

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