Dural ectasia refers to ballooning or widening of the dural sac which can result in posterior vertebral scalloping and is associated with herniation of nerve root sleeves.
Patients with dural ectasia may present with low back pain or radicular pain in the buttocks or legs. Pain may be accompanied by leg weakness or urinary incontinence. Other associations include spondylolisthesis, scoliosis, vertebral erosions, and vertebral fractures. There is also an increased incidence of anterior sacral meningoceles which may present as an abdominal mass.
- Marfan syndrome: dural ectasia has been observed in 60-90% of patients; in these patients, the dilatation of the dural sac is almost always in the lumbar region
- Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
- Loeys-Dietz syndrome
- neurofibromatosis type 1
- ankylosing spondylitis
- osteogenesis imperfecta
- post surgery
Dural ectasia describes widening of the dural sac or spinal nerve root sleeves, usually associated with bony erosions of the posterior vertebral body 4. One study suggests that the anteroposterior diameter of the thecal sac at the S1 level should be greater than that of the thecal sac at the L4 level in order to describe dural ectasia 4.
Posterior vertebral scalloping on a lateral radiograph may be an indirect indicator 1-2,4. However, this is not specific, as it is seen in a significant percentage of the normal population and is also associated with several other conditions.
Increase in the anteroposterior diameter of the dural sac, usually in the lumbar region 4.
- 1. Habermann CR, Weiss F, Schoder V et-al. MR evaluation of dural ectasia in Marfan syndrome: reassessment of the established criteria in children, adolescents, and young adults. Radiology. 2005;234 (2): 535-41. doi:10.1148/radiol.2342031497 - Pubmed citation
- 2. Wakely SL. The posterior vertebral scalloping sign. Radiology. 2006;239 (2): 607-9. doi:10.1148/radiol.2392040224 - Pubmed citation
- 3. Ho NC, Hadley DW, Jain PK et-al. Case 47: dural ectasia associated with Marfan syndrome. Radiology. 2002;223 (3): 767-71. doi:10.1148/radiol.2233000971 - Pubmed citation
- 4. Lundby R, Rand-Hendriksen S, Hald JK, Lilleås FG, Pripp AH, Skaar S, Paus B, Geiran O, Smith H-J. Dural Ectasia in Marfan Syndrome: A Case Control Study. American Journal of Neuroradiology. 30 (8): 1534. doi:10.3174/ajnr.A1620 - Pubmed