Last revised by Daniel J Bell on 11 Jan 2022

Echocardiography refers broadly to the use of diagnostic ultrasound as it pertains to the heart and cardiovascular system. The features of the imaging equipment used, as well as the principles underlying image generation, are analogous to other sonographic applications. It is primarily used to non-invasively diagnose and guide the treatment of cardiovascular disease.

The performance of diagnostic, comprehensive echocardiography typically involves a dedicated sonographer capturing images with subsequent interpretation by a qualified reader, typically a cardiologist.

This differs in scope and indications from "focused" or "point of care" echocardiography which typically refers to an abbreviated protocol with a scope limited to focused, clinical questions.

General indications for a comprehensive echocardiographic study include:

Generally differ based upon the type of study in question, with notable examples including:

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