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Eclampsia is a condition involving seizures and hypertension in pregnancy. It is thought to result from hypertensive encephalopathy 1.
MR imaging has shown that cytotoxic edema and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome are common in eclampsia. The severity of the imaging changes correlates with the clinical severity of eclampsia 2.
Treatment and prognosis
The only definitive treatment is delivery of the fetus. Magnesium sulfate is indicated for the prevention and treatment of eclamptic seizures 3.
- 1. Lipstein H, Lee CC, Crupi RS. A current concept of eclampsia. (2003) The American journal of emergency medicine. 21 (3): 223-6. Pubmed
- 2. Junewar V, Verma R, Sankhwar PL, Garg RK, Singh MK, Malhotra HS, Sharma PK, Parihar A. Neuroimaging features and predictors of outcome in eclamptic encephalopathy: a prospective observational study. (2014) AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology. 35 (9): 1728-34. doi:10.3174/ajnr.A3923 - Pubmed
- 3. Euser AG, Cipolla MJ. Magnesium sulfate for the treatment of eclampsia: a brief review. (2009) Stroke. 40 (4): 1169-75. doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.108.527788 - Pubmed