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Embolism describes intravascular material that is carried from its original location downstream to a distant area. The most common type of embolism is that which is derived from a thrombus, such as in the case of pulmonary embolism or stroke.
Types of embolism
- gas embolism
- amniotic fluid embolism
- tumor embolism
- septic embolism
- foreign body embolism
The end result of embolism depends on the type, size and region the embolus travels to. Some examples include
- lungs (pulmonary embolus) - dyspnea, tachypnea, tachycardia
- brain - stroke
- peripheral arteries - acutely ischemic limb or digit
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