Embolism

Dr Justin Rich et al.

Embolism describes intravascular material that is carried from its origin location downsteam to a distant area. The most common type of embolism is that which is derived from a thrombus, such as in the case of pulmonary embolism or stroke.

Types of embolism

  • thromboembolism
  • air embolism
  • amniotic fluid embolism
  • tumor embolism
  • septic embolism
  • foreign body embolism

Clinical features

The end result of embolism depends on the type, size and region the embolus travels to. Some examples include

  • lungs (pulmonary embolus) - dyspnea, tachypnea, tachycardia
  • brain - stroke
  • peripheral arteries - acutely ischemic limb or digit

 

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Article information

rID: 74108
Section: Pathology
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • embolus

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