Endobronchial metastases

Last revised by Dr Yuranga Weerakkody on 03 Jul 2021

Endobronchial metastases are an uncommon form of intrathoracic metastases. They are much less common than intrapulmonary metastases.

The clinical presentation varies and includes:

  • hemoptysis
  • cough
  • post-obstructive pneumonitis from distal obstruction

Frequently described primary malignancies associated with endobronchial metastases include:

The overall prognosis is poor, averaging 1-2 years in most cases 7.  Palliative treatment with interventional bronchoscopy to prevent asphyxia may be effective in improving the quality of life in these patients 6.

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: malignant melanoma
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