Endobronchial metastases

Last revised by Yuranga Weerakkody on 3 Jul 2021

Endobronchial metastases are an uncommon form of intrathoracic metastases. They are much less common than intrapulmonary metastases.

The clinical presentation varies and includes:

  • hemoptysis
  • cough
  • post-obstructive pneumonitis from distal obstruction

Frequently described primary malignancies associated with endobronchial metastases include:

The overall prognosis is poor, averaging 1-2 years in most cases 7.  Palliative treatment with interventional bronchoscopy to prevent asphyxia may be effective in improving the quality of life in these patients 6.

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