Endometritis

Radswiki et al.

Endometritis refers to inflammation or infection involving the endometrium. Endometritis can be acute or chronic and may arise in an obstetric setting, such as following delivery or miscarriage, or in a nonobstetric setting due to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or endometrial instrumentation.

It complicates 2-3% of vaginal deliveries as well as up to 85% of Caesarean sections 5.

The typical presentation is with fever and lower abdominal pain. 

Recognised associations include 3:

Endometritis is a clinical diagnosis and caution should be taken due to the overlap of expected postpartum imaging findings and the ones related to the inflammatory process.  

While the sonographic appearance of the uterus and endometrium may be normal in early stages, findings may include:

  • thickened and heterogeneous endometrium
  • intracavitary/cul-de-sac fluid
  • increased vascularity on Doppler ultrasound 
  • intrauterine air
  • T2: the uterus may be enlarged with overall high signal intensity
  • T1 C + (Gd): can show intense enhancement of the uterus
  • progression to a pyometrium
  • pelvic septic thrombophlebitis 

Differential considerations include:

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Article information

rID: 14636
System: Gynaecology
Section: Pathology
Tag: cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Endometrial inflammation
  • Endometrial infection
  • Inflamed endometrium
  • Inflamation of the endometrium

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