Epicardial lipomatosis or epicaridal lipomatous hypertrophy is a form of cardiac lipomatosis and is characterised by accumulation of non-encapsulated mature adipose tissue in the epicardial space due to hyperplasia of lipocytes. Its exact aetiology is not well known, but it may be associated with obesity and advancing age. It is usually benign but can rarely cause complications such as cardiac tamponade 2.
- 1. Miller CA, Schmitt M. Epicardial lipomatous hypertrophy mimicking pericardial effusion: characterization with cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Circulation. Cardiovascular imaging. 4 (1): 77-8. doi:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.110.957498 - Pubmed
- 2. Myerson SG, Roberts R, Moat N, Pennell DJ. Tamponade caused by cardiac lipomatous hypertrophy. Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance : official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. 6 (2): 565-8. Pubmed