Epiphyseal triangle (femur)
Citation, DOI & article data
Epiphyseal triangle, also known as Ludloff space (or Ludloff fleck in German), of the femur is a prominent triangular area of radiolucency on lateral radiographs which may be mistaken for pathology but is a radiological variant.
The epiphyseal triangle when seen is most prominent in older children and adults.
History and etymology
A German orthopedic surgeon, Karl Ludloff (1864-1945) first described this region in a paper in 1930 3.
- 1. T.C. Telger (Translator). Koehler / Zimmer's Borderlands of Normal and Early Pathological Findings in Skeletal Radiography. (2003) ISBN: 9783137841050 - Google Books
- 2. Martin J Herman, B David Horn. Contemporary Surgical Management of Fractures and Complications. (2014) ISBN: 9789351521204 - Google Books
- 3. Markatos K, Karaoglanis G, Damaskos C et al. Karl Ludloff (1864-1945): An Inventive Orthopedic Surgeon, His Work and His Surgical Technique for the Correction of Hallux Valgus. Surg Innov. 2018;25(4):417-20. doi:10.1177/1553350618775506 - Pubmed