Epistaxis

Epistaxis (nosebleed) is very common and has a broad differential diagnosis in clinical practice. In clinical practice, anterior epistaxis are mainly located in Kiesselbach's plexus and posterior epistaxis (5% of all epistaxis) in Woodruff's plexus.

Epistaxis is very common, with a lifetime incidence of ~60% 2

There is a broad range of causes, both local and systemic 2:

They usually do not require imaging, unless they are very severe or recurrent. In rare instances, these can be evaluated in the interventional radiology suite for potential endovascular embolisation, especially if uncontrollable with nasal packing. Ideally, prior to embolisation, these cases should be imaged by head and neck CTA.

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Article information

rID: 35309
System: Head & Neck
Section: Approach
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Nosebleed
  • Nose bleed

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Cases and figures

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    Case 1: treated with balloon catheter
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    Case 2: esthesioneuroblastoma
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    Case 3: internal carotid artery aneurysm
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