Esophageal leiomyosarcoma

Esophageal leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor of the esophagus of smooth muscle origin. 

 

Epidemiology

The first case of esophageal leiomyosarcoma was described in 1905.  Since then, there have been over 164 cases described in the literature.

 

Radiographic features

Barium esophogram
  • large intramural mass
  • may have exophytic component, resulting in mass effect of trachea or other adjacent thoracic structures
CT
MRI
  • iso intense compared to skeletal muscle on T1-weighted sequences3
  • hyperintense compared to skeletal muscle on T2-weighted sequences

Treatment and prognosis

Differential diagnosis

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Article Information

rID: 48657
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • oesophageal

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