Exclamation mark sign (limy bile)
Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Daniel J Bell had no recorded disclosures.View Daniel J Bell's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Vikas Shah had no recorded disclosures.View Vikas Shah's current disclosures
The exclamation mark sign is a pathognomonic imaging sign of the rare diagnosis of limy bile on plain abdominal radiography. It occurs when there is both limy bile and a gallstone in the common bile duct. The linear vertical radiopaque bile forms the line of the exclamation mark (i.e. !), whilst a more distal calculus forms the 'dot' at the end of the exclamation mark 1.
- 1. Koca YS, Koca T, Barut I. Limy bile syndrome complicated with primary hyperparathyroidism. (2015) Case reports in surgery. 2015: 928217. doi:10.1155/2015/928217 - Pubmed