Extension tear drop fracture typically occurs due to forced extension of the neck with resulting avulsion of the anteroinferior corner of the vertebral body. Extension teardrop fractures are stable in flexion, and unstable in extension as the anterior longitudinal ligament is disrupted. Extension teardrop is not considered as severe as flexion teardrop fractures.
They occur due to forced extension of the neck (i.e. is a hyperextension injury) with resulting avulsion of the anteroinferior corner of the vertebral body.
- anterior-inferior corner fracture 3
- avulsion fracture from the attachment of the anterior longitudinal ligament to the inferior corner of the vertebral body, usually a thin fracture fragment
- the fragment is triangular in a shape reminiscent of a teardrop
- vertical height of fragment is equal to or greater than width
- anterior disc space widening
- additional fractures are common and thus, CT scan is indicated in all cases
There are several other tear drops, please see the disambiguation article here.
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- 3. Dreizin D, Letzing M, Sliker CW et-al. Multidetector CT of blunt cervical spine trauma in adults. Radiographics. 2014;34 (7): 1842-65. doi:10.1148/rg.347130094 - Pubmed citation
- fractures by location
- cervical spine fracture classification systems
- thoracolumbar spinal fracture classification systems
- three column concept of spinal fractures (Denis classification)
- classification of sacral fractures
- facet dislocation