External iliac artery

The external iliac artery is the larger of the two terminal branches of the common iliac artery.

Gross anatomy

Origin

The common iliac artery bifurcates into the internal iliac artery and external iliac artery at the level of the pelvic brim anterior to the sacroiliac joint. 

Course

The external iliac artery courses medially along the iliopsoas muscle 1. After it enters the thigh under the inguinal ligament, it changes name and continues as the femoral artery, supplying the lower limb.

Branches
Relations

Abdominal and pelvic anatomy
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Article Information

rID: 23059
System: Vascular
Section: Anatomy
Tags: cases, refs, pelvis
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • External iliac arteries
  • External iliac artery (EIA)

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