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External iliac artery

Last revised by Dr Daniel J Bell on 28 May 2019

The external iliac artery (EIA) is the larger of the two terminal branches of the common iliac artery (CIA).

Gross anatomy

Origin

The common iliac artery bifurcates into the internal iliac artery and external iliac artery at the level of the pelvic brim anterior to the sacroiliac joint. 

Course

The external iliac artery courses medially along the iliopsoas muscle 1. After it enters the thigh under the inguinal ligament, it changes name and continues as the common femoral artery, supplying the lower limb.

Branches
Relations

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: iliac arteries (Gray's illustration)
    Drag here to reorder.
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