Extraocular muscles

Last revised by Assoc Prof Craig Hacking on 27 Dec 2021

The extraocular muscles (EOMs) are the six skeletal muscles that insert onto the eye and hence control eye movements.

The extraocular muscles maybe subdivided into the recti muscles and the oblique muscles.

A summary of the principal actions of each muscle are given below. Please see each individual article for a more detailed description.

Muscular branches of ophthalmic artery.

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: extraocular muscles
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  • Figure 2: extraocular muscle attachments
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  • FIgure 3: movements
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  • Figure 4: origins of the extraocular muscles (Gray's illustration)
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