Facial artery

Last revised by Dr Daniel J Bell on 10 Nov 2020

The facial artery is one of the branches of the external carotid artery and supplies blood to the structures of the face.

Summary

Variant anatomy

The facial artery may arise from a common trunk with the lingual artery, the linguofacial trunk.

History and etymology

The facial artery was previously known as the external maxillary artery, e.g. old editions of Gray's anatomy 1. This was in contradistinction to the internal maxillary artery which is now known simply as the maxillary artery.

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: branches of the external carotid artery
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  • Figure 2: branches of the carotid
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  • Figure 3: facial artery and branches
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