Fat-stranding (summary)

Dr Jeremy Jones et al.

Fat stranding is a sign that is seen on CT. It describes the change in attenuation of fat around an inflamed structure and is a very helpful signpost for intra-abdominal pathology.

Reference article

This is a summary article; read more in our article on fat stranding on CT.

  • pathophysiology
    • relatively high sensitivity for intra-abdominal pathology
      • many inflammatory processes will cause fat-stranding
    • non-specific
      • fat-stranding just means that there is inflammation close by
    • common causes
    • other causes
      • ischaemia/infarction, e.g. omental infarction
      • vascular, e.g. aneurysm
  • investigation
    • fat-stranding is primarily seen on CT
    • inflammatory fat may be seen on US and MRI
CT

The density of the affected fat changes. Usually fat is dark grey, but when there is oedema in the fat, the density increases and it becomes progressively lighter and progressively closer to the colour of muscle.​

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Article information

rID: 47392
Section: Signs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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Cases and figures

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    Case 1: acute cholecystitis
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    Case 2: acute pancreatitis
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    Case 3: diverticulitis
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    Case 4: appendicitis
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    Case 5: pyelonephritis
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