Femoral vein

The femoral vein is the main drainage of the lower limb, and accompanies the femoral artery. 

Gross anatomy

Origin and course

The femoral vein begins at the adductor opening as the continuation of the popliteal vein, and ends posterior to the inguinal ligament as the external iliac vein.

In the distal adductor canal, the vein is posterolateral to the femoral artery. Proximally in the canal, the vein lies posterior to the artery in the distal femoral triangle and medial to the artery at the base of the triangle.

The vein is between the femoral artery and femoral canal and therefore occupies the middle compartment of the femoral sheath. 

Tributaries

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Article information

rID: 45180
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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