Fetal adenocarcinoma of the lung

Fetal adenocarcinoma of the lung (FLAC) is a rare form of adenocarcinoma of lung (falls under invasive category).

Some reports suggest its occurence at ~0.1%-0.5% of all pulmonary neoplasms 1.  Despite its "fetal" tissue morphology it typically presents in middle aged to elderly patients (60 to 70 year olds 2)

It is an adenocarcinoma resembling developing fetal lung in its pseudoglandular stage (i.e. that seen at 8-16 weeks of gestation). It is considered different to a pulmonary blastoma due to a lack of a mesenchymal component

Fetal adenocarcinoma of the lung can be divided into two forms according to severity.

It is thought to have been first described by WG Barnard in 1945 and 1952, as a biphasic tumor comprising an epithelial component surrounded by mesenchymal stroma resembling fetal lung, hence initially named as “embryoma of the lung".

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Article information

rID: 69230
System: Chest, Oncology
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Embryoma of the lung
  • FLAC
  • Fetal adenocarcinoma of the lung (FLAC)
  • Pulmonary adenocarcinoma of the fetal lung type
  • Pulmonary adenocarcinomas of the fetal lung type
  • Adenocarcinoma of fetal lung type
  • Pulmonary fetal adenoarcinoma
  • Fetal adenocarcinoma of lungs
  • Fetal adenocarcinoma of the lungs
  • Fetal adenocarcinoma of lung

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