Fetal death in utero (FDIU) is the term used when the death of a fetus occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy. Prior to this, it is considered a miscarriage.
1% of normal, uncomplicated pregnancies end in fetal death.
In 13.7 % of the deaths, no cause is identified.
- gestational hypertension
- blood group incompatibility
- metabolic disorders
- intrauterine infections
- major anomalies
- umbilical cord complications ( looping, knotting, twisting)
- absent fetal heart beat
- absent fetal movements
- occasional findings
- uncommon findings
- thrombus in fetal heart
- gas shadow in fetal heart (Robert sign)
- 1. Weissleder R, Wittenberg J, Harisinghani MG. Primer of diagnostic imaging. Mosby Inc. (2003) ISBN:0323023282. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 2. Merz E. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Volume 1 Obstetrics. Thieme. (2011) ISBN:3131614722. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon