Citation, DOI and article data
Fish vertebra, also known as codfish vertebra, describes the biconcave appearance of vertebrae (especially lumbar vertebrae).
- sickle cell disease: caution required as more usually an H-shaped vertebra
- hereditary spherocytosis
- renal osteodystrophy
- osteogenesis imperfecta
- osteomalacia 6
- thalassemia major (rarely)
History and etymology
The term fish vertebrae is attributed to Fuller Albright (1900-1969), American endocrinologist. In 1941, he used the term to describe the likeness of the biconcave shape of the human vertebrae to the biconcave shape of fish vertebrae; although the species was unspecified. In 1948, Fuller Albright and Edward Reifenstein (1908-1975), an American endocrinologist, provided images of codfish vertebra to illustrate the deformation of vertebral bodies seen in postmenopausal osteoporosis 5, hence the term codfish vertebrae 6.
- 1. Ntagiopoulos PG, Moutzouris DA, Manetas S. The "fish-vertebra" sign. Emerg Med J. 2007;24 (9): 674-5. doi:10.1136/emj.2006.039131 - Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- 2. Burgener FA, Kormano M, Pudas T. Differential Diagnosis in Conventional Radiology. Thieme. (2008) ISBN:1588902757. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 3. Murphy WA, DiVito DM. Fuller Albright, postmenopausal osteoporosis, and fish vertebrae. Radiology. 2013;268 (2): 323-6. doi:10.1148/radiol.13122478 - Pubmed citation
- 4. Leaf, A. Biographical Memoirs: V.48 (Biographical Memoirs: A Series). National Academies Press. ISBN:0309023491. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 5. Albright, F, Reifenstein, E. The Parathyroid Glands and Metabolic Bone Disease. The Williams & Wilkins Company. 1949. Amazon
- 6. Resnick DL. Fish vertebrae. (1982) Arthritis and rheumatism. 25 (9): 1073-7. doi:10.1002/art.1780250907 - Pubmed