Dr Henry Knipe and Roland Warner et al.

A fistula (pleural fistulae) is an abnormal connection between two epithelial surfaces such as between hollow organs, skin or vessels. Conventionally, the name of a specific fistula type is a combination of the two organs

For discussions of specific fistulas please refer to individual articles.



A wide variety of aetiologies are implicated:

  • congenital
  • acquired
    • surgical
    • post inflammatory eg; Crohn diseasePancreatitis
    • radiation therapy
    • infection
    • post traumatic
    • secondary to a foreign body
    • malignancy

Various types of fistula have been described:

History and etymology

From the Latin, fistula literally means tube or pipe 1.

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Article information

rID: 63975
Section: Pathology
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Fistulae

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