Flexor digitorum superficialis muscle

Last revised by Dr Mostafa El-Feky on 12 Aug 2022

Flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) muscle, also known as flexor digitorum sublimis muscle, is a muscle in the second (intermediate) layer of the anterior compartment of the forearm. It splits into four tendons, passes through the carpal tunnel under the flexor retinaculum. At the level of the head of the metacarpal, the flexor digitorum superficialis tendons split and wrap around the flexor digitorum profundus muscle creating an aperture for the flexor digitorum profundus to travel through. This crossing of the tendons can be referred to as the Camper chiasm. The flexor digitorum superficialis tendons rejoin deep to the flexor digitorum profundus and insert at the volar side of the proximal portion of the middle phalanx of the 2nd- 5th digits. It is one of the extrinsic muscles of the hand.

Summary

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: carpal tunnel diagram
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  • Figure 2: carpal tunnel diagram
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