Focus‐assessed transthoracic echocardiography

Last revised by Andrew Murphy on 23 Mar 2023

FATE (focus‐assessed transthoracic echocardiography) is a goal-directed protocol used in critical care for indications such as hemodynamic instability, shock, and pulseless electrical activity (PEA) arrest 1.

The protocol is designed as a series of questions as follows:


The following views should be obtained on transthoracic echocardiography (TTE):

  • subcostal 4-­chamber view
  • apical 4-­chamber view
  • parasternal long +/- short axis view(s)

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