Forked umbilical cord is a rare anomaly of the umbilical cord, which can be detected on an antenatal scan. The umbilical cord splits into two cords and contains three vessels in each of the bifurcated cords. This anomaly is seen associated with monochorionic twins.
Doppler and 3D sonography plays an important role in detecting this condition as well as characterisation of the vessels within the cord. Its importance lies in the high mortality rate that has been documented in these cases.
- 1. DeStephano CC, Meena M, Brown DL et-al. Sonographic diagnosis of conjoined diamniotic monochorionic twins. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 2010;203 (6): e4-6. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2010.09.007 - Pubmed citation
- 2. Thomas D, Dargent JL, Brans A et-al. Prenatal diagnosis of forked umbilical cord in monochorionic diamniotic pregnancy with venovenous anastomosis: a form of umbilical cord conjoined twins. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2006;28 (5): 735-6. doi:10.1002/uog.2833 - Pubmed citation